Griffiss Air Force Base (11 Areas) Rome NY

The Griffiss Air Force Base (AFB) site is located in Rome, New York. The 3,552-acre base began operations in 1943 under the Air Combat Command and served as home to various Air Force operations over the years. On July 1, 1970, the 416th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command was activated with the mission of maintenance and implementation of both effective air refueling operations and long-range bombardment capability, but in 1993 and 1995, Griffiss AFB was designated for realignment under the Base Realignment and Closure Act which resulted in the deactivation of the 416th Bombardment Wing in September 1995.

Pursuant to Section 105 of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. §9605,Griffiss AFB was included on the National Priorities List (NPL) on July 15,1987.

According to the EPA:

During the 50 years of operation, hazardous wastes were generated from various activities including: aircraft operation; testing and maintenance; firefighting exercises; discharge of munitions; landfill operations; and research and development activities. Over the years, these wastes were disposed of in landfills and dry wells located across the base which led to investigations into contamination that could pose threats to public health and the environment.

According to the ATSDR Public Health Assessment:

Past waste disposal and storage practices at the base have resulted in environmental contamination at multiple sites. In 1981, the Air Force initiated its Installation Restoration Program (IRP) to identify, investigate, and cleanup hazardous waste contamination from past operations and activities at federal facilities.

Through the IRP program, 54 potentially contaminated sites on base have been identified. Of the 54 sites, 31 are designated as Areas of Concern (AOC) and are being investigated and remediated under the Federal Facilities Agreement between the Air Force, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). The other 23 sites are either being investigated (e.g.,confirmatory sampling), have had or will have a removal action, or have been determined to require no further action.

With regards to contamination, Soil Vapor Intrusion has also been an issue on site.

Sources of Contamination:

  • Discharge to sewer/surface water
  • Dumping – unauthorized
  • Explosive disposal/detonation
  • Inadvertent spill
  • Landfill
  • Other
  • Storage – drums/containers of waste
  • Storage – finished product
  • Storage – raw material
  • Waste pile
  • Waste tank – above ground
  • Waste tank – below ground

 

Chart of Contaminants and Locations:

CAS ## Contaminant Name Contaminated
Media
Area of Site
Found (OU)
95-63-6 1,2,4-TRIMETHYL BENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
95-63-6 1,2,4-TRIMETHYL BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
95-63-6 1,2,4-TRIMETHYL BENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
95-50-1 1,2-DICHLOROBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
95-50-1 1,2-DICHLOROBENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
107-06-2 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
108-67-8 1,3,5-TRIMETHYLBENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
108-67-8 1,3,5-TRIMETHYLBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
108-67-8 1,3,5-TRIMETHYLBENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
541-73-1 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
541-73-1 1,3-DICHLOROBENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
106-46-7 1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
1746-01-6 2,3,7,8-TETRACHLORODIBENZO-p-DIOXIN (TCDD) Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
67-64-1 ACETONE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
67-64-1 ACETONE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
67-64-1 ACETONE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
319-84-6 ALPHA-BHC Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
57-74-9 ALPHA-CHLORDANE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7429-90-5 ALUMINUM Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7429-90-5 ALUMINUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7429-90-5 ALUMINUM (FUME OR DUST) Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
11097-69-1 AROCLOR-1254 Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-38-2 ARSENIC Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-38-2 ARSENIC Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7440-38-2 ARSENIC Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7440-38-2 ARSENIC Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-38-2 ARSENIC Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-39-3 BARIUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7440-39-3 BARIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
71-43-2 BENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
71-43-2 BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
205-99-2 BENZO(B)FLUORANTHENE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
205-99-2 BENZO(B)FLUORANTHENE Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
205-99-2 BENZO(B)FLUORANTHENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
205-99-2 BENZO(B)FLUORANTHENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
207-08-9 BENZO(K)FLUORANTHENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
207-08-9 BENZO(K)FLUORANTHENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
56-55-3 BENZO[A]ANTHRACENE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
56-55-3 BENZO[A]ANTHRACENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
56-55-3 BENZO[A]ANTHRACENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
50-32-8 BENZO[A]PYRENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
50-32-8 BENZO[A]PYRENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-41-7 BERYLLIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
117-81-7 BIS(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
117-81-7 BIS(2-ETHYLHEXYL)PHTHALATE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-43-9 CADMIUM Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-43-9 CADMIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-70-2 CALCIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
56-23-5 CARBON TETRACHLORIDE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
108-90-7 CHLOROBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
108-90-7 CHLOROBENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
18540-29-9 CHROMIUM (HEXAVALENT) Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
218-01-9 CHRYSENE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
218-01-9 CHRYSENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
218-01-9 CHRYSENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-50-8 COPPER Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
53-70-3 DIBENZO(A,H)ANTHRACENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
60-57-1 DIELDRIN Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
60-57-1 DIELDRIN Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
60-57-1 DIELDRIN Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
72-20-8 ENDRIN Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
100-41-4 ETHYLBENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
100-41-4 ETHYLBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
100-41-4 ETHYLBENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
206-44-0 FLUORANTHENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
206-44-0 FLUORANTHENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
58-89-9 GAMMA-BHC Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
57-74-9 GAMMA-CHLORDANE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
76-44-8 HEPTACHLOR Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
1024-57-3 HEPTACHLOR EPOXIDE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
1024-57-3 HEPTACHLOR EPOXIDE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
87-68-3 HEXACHLOROBUTADIENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7439-89-6 IRON Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-89-6 IRON Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7439-89-6 IRON Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
98-82-8 ISOPROPYL BENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
98-82-8 ISOPROPYL BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
7439-92-1 LEAD Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-92-1 LEAD Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-92-1 LEAD Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-95-4 MAGNESIUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7439-96-5 MANGANESE Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-96-5 MANGANESE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7439-96-5 MANGANESE Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7439-97-6 MERCURY Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-97-6 MERCURY Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7439-97-6 MERCURY Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
75-09-2 METHYLENE CHLORIDE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
7439-98-7 MOLYBDENUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
104-51-8 N-BUTYL BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
103-65-1 N-PROPYL BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
103-65-1 N-PROPYL BENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
91-20-3 NAPHTHALENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
91-20-3 NAPHTHALENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
91-20-3 NAPHTHALENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
7440-02-0 NICKEL Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
95-47-6 O-XYLENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
95-47-6 O-XYLENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
72-54-8 P,P-DDD Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
72-55-9 P,P-DDE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
50-29-3 P,P-DDT Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
TBD-00000027 PCBs Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
TBD-00000027 PCBs Soil O4 CYSA (42)
8012-95-1 PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
85-01-8 PHENANTHRENE Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
129-00-0 PYRENE Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
135-98-9 SEC-BUTYL BENZENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
135-98-9 SEC-BUTYL BENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
135-98-9 SEC-BUTYL BENZENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
7440-23-5 SODIUM Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-23-5 SODIUM Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7440-23-5 SODIUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7440-23-5 SODIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-24-6 STRONTIUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
7440-24-6 STRONTIUM Soil 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
127-18-4 TETRACHLOROETHENE Ground Water 36 BLDG 817-WSA (35)
127-18-4 TETRACHLOROETHENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
7440-28-0 THALLIUM Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
7440-28-0 THALLIUM Ground Water O4 CYSA (42)
108-88-3 TOLUENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
108-88-3 TOLUENE Soil 39 AOC 9 (38)
1330-20-7 TOTAL XYLENES, UNSPECIFIED MIXTURE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
156-60-5 TRANS-1,2-DICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
79-01-6 TRICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 06 BLDG 775 – TCE (05)
79-01-6 TRICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
79-01-6 TRICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 36 BLDG 817-WSA (35)
79-01-6 TRICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
75-01-4 VINYL CHLORIDE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
75-01-4 VINYL CHLORIDE Ground Water 36 BLDG 817-WSA (35)
75-01-4 VINYL CHLORIDE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
7440-66-6 ZINC Ground Water 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
7440-66-6 ZINC Sediment 15 LANDFILL 5 (14)
156-59-2 cis-1,2-DICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
156-59-2 cis-1,2-DICHLOROETHENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)
179601-23-1 m,p-XYLENE Ground Water 35 NOSEDOCKS & APRON AREA GW (34)
98-06-6 tert-BUTYLBENZENE Ground Water 39 AOC 9 (38)

 

What’s Being Done, According to the EPA:

In the late 1980’s, residents in the Town of Floyd became concerned when contamination was discovered in a number of private groundwater wells located in the town. In 1990, as an interim action prior to determining the actual source of the contamination, the Air Force began providing bottled water to affected residents, and provided funds to the community for the construction of an extension of the municipal water supply. Hook-ups to the water supply extension were available by late 1991, and most residents believed to have been affected by the contamination took advantage of this new water supply. The provision of safe drinking water eliminated any potential for exposure to hazardous substances from groundwater in this area. An EPA-funded program to provide sampling and testing of residential wells over a wider area determined that off-base contamination was not more extensive than previously found in Floyd. This monitoring program was conducted jointly by the EPA and NYS Department of Health (NYDOH) to determine if off-base well contamination extended beyond the Floyd area. Results of a one and one-half year test program were negative, and indicated that the contamination was limited. Supplemental investigations of groundwater at the former Griffiss AFB have shown that contamination has not migrated off-base.

Since the early 1990’s, on-base groundwater contaminant plumes have been addressed by groundwater extraction and treatment systems, several of which are still in operation. Some smaller plumes have already been remediated. Contamination at all source areas at the base has been cleaned up by the Air Force. The base landfills have been capped and groundwater monitoring at the landfills has been conducted since the 1990’s. Access to sites at the base where cleanup has not yet been fully completed is restricted via fencing, signage, and gates. All other areas of known contamination have been addressed via land use controls / institutional controls (LUC/ICs) contained in Records of Decision (RODs), and property transfer documents. All areas of groundwater contamination undergo periodic sampling, and extraction of groundwater at these areas is prohibited through the use of LUC/ICs incorporated into property transfer documents and all deeds for transfer. Additional restrictions on land use, such as restriction to non-residential uses, and restrictions that address soil vapor intrusion (SVI), have also been incorporated into the applicable RODs and property deeds. A cleanup remedy to address SVI at 3 buildings affected by the groundwater contaminant plumes is currently being finalized, and will be presented to the public in the near future.

 

Additional Relevant Links:

EPA Site Information:

Map:

Civilian Exposure Other Superfund Sites - Griffiss AFB Location Map

 

Civilian Exposure Other Superfund Sites - Griffiss AFB Location Map

Civilian Exposure Other Superfund Sites - Griffiss AFB Location Map

 

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Civilian Exposure

Civilian Exposure is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit organization/public charity working to Build Awareness, Accountability and Assistance for Civilians Exposed to Camp Lejeune Water Contamination and all citizens exposed to any toxic contamination aboard all U.S. military installations. The effort continues to inform civilian employees and others affected by contamination to receive both the guidance and the justice they deserve.

About the Founder
A 20-year veteran of media, marketing, non-profits and entrepreneurship, Gavin P. Smith leads Civilian Exposure, a non-profit assisting civilians and veterans exposed to U.S. military contamination; the Keta Foundation, a collaborative foundation dedicated to mitigating modern slavery through economic improvement projects in Africa; and Gavin Consulting, a network of virtual experts serving global clients; He is also a former member of the CDC/ATSDR Camp Lejeune Community Assistance Panel. Mr. Smith holds a Master of Global Management with distinction (Beta Gamma Sigma) from Thunderbird School of Global Management, an MBA from The College of William & Mary Mason School of Business and a BA in History from Wake Forest University.

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